RCC ESAP 2: Performance of Western Balkan Economies Regarding the European Pillar of Social Rights: 2022 review on Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina's overall progress towards the principles of the European Pillar of Social Rights remained rather modest in 2021-2022. Reforms move slowly due to the economy’s specific political structure that prolongs the design, agreement, and implementation of reforms. However, limited progress was made regarding social policy and employment. Challenges in employment, social inclusion and protection, and poverty reduction remain, the latter being intensified by the complex coordination processes among the responsible institutions across the economy. Although by law, equal access to the healthcare system is guaranteed to all citizens, in practice, accessibility of health care services is limited. The major improvements during the period under analysis are related to labour market and the overall economic development, reflected in an increased employment rate. However, youth unemployment remains high.